The ESV Digital Edition includes one of the most extensive and useful cross-reference systems available. The ESV cross-reference system is based on a comprehensive system developed more than a hundred years ago by a team of Bible scholars from Oxford and Cambridge Universities. As far as possible this system also included the cross-references used in the original King James Version of 1611. The resulting cross-reference system was first used in the English Revised Version (RV) and has been highly regarded around the world for its effectiveness in showing the internal interrelationship of the text throughout the Bible.
The cross-reference system as it appears in the ESV Digital Edition has been adapted as needed from the RV system for use with the ESV text. In some cases, therefore, the specific wording of the reference passage may differ, although the underlying meaning and relationship to the referenced text is normally the same.
Because the ESV is an essentially literal, word-for-word translation, the ESV is especially suited for cross-reference study of key words and concepts throughout the Bible.
An alphabetical superscript, preceding a word or phrase, is used to indicate each word or phrase that is cross-referenced. Numerical superscripts, however, which follow words or phrases, refer to footnotes at the bottom of the page. See, for example, the word “psound1” in Titus 2:1, where the letter superscript “p” preceding the word refers to the cross-reference, while the number superscript “1” refers to the footnote at the bottom of the page.
3zWhat if some were unfaithful?
aDoes their faithlessness nullify
the faithfulness of God? 4By no
means! bLet God be true though
cevery one were a liar, as it is
d“That you may be justified in your words,
and prevail when you eare judged.”
10:16; Heb. 4:2 a[ch. 9:6; 2 Tim.
4bSee John 8:26 cPs. 62:9; 116:11; [ver. 7] dCited from Ps. 51:4 (Gk.) e[Job 9:32]
The ESV cross-reference system includes several types of cross-references, some of which are illustrated here from Romans 3:3-4. These include:
The notations “(Heb.)” and “(Gk.)” indicate that the reference is clearer in Hebrew or Greek than in English. “(Gk.)” in New Testament citations of the Old Testament indicates that the reference is most clear in the Septuagint, a Greek translation of the Old Testament.
Several kinds of footnotes related to the ESV text are provided throughout the ESV Bible to assist the reader. These footnotes appear at the bottom of the page and are indicated in the ESV text by a superscript number that follows the word or phrase to which the footnote applies (e.g., “Isaac2”). Superscript letters that precede a word (e.g., “cIsaac”) are used to indicate cross-references (see cross-reference explanation above).
The footnotes included in the ESV Bible are an integral part of the text and provide important information concerning the understanding and translation of the text. The footnotes fall mainly into four categories, as illustrated in the examples below.
Crossway’s Standard Use Guidelines allow for the ESV text to be quoted in print, digital, and audio formats, up to and inclusive of five hundred (500) verses without express written permission of Crossway, provided that the verses quoted do not amount to more than one-half of any one book of the Bible or its equivalent measured in bytes, nor do the verses quoted account for twenty-five percent (25%) or more of the total text of the work in which they are quoted.
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The ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®) is adapted from the Revised Standard Version of the Bible, copyright Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A. All rights reserved.
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